Volcanoes helped species survive ice ages

An international team of researchers has found evidence that the steam and heat from volcanoes and heated rocks allowed many species of plants and animals to survive past ice ages, helping scientists understand how species respond to climate change.

The research could solve a long-running mystery about how some species survived and continued to evolve through past ice ages in parts of the planet covered by glaciers.

The team, led by Dr Ceridwen Fraser from the Australian National University and Dr Aleks Terauds from the Australian Antarctic Division, studied tens of thousands of records of Antarctic species, collected over decades by hundreds of researchers, and found there are more species close to volcanoes, and fewer further away.

“Volcanic steam can melt large ice caves…

TEPCO 2011-2014 A Systemic Failure

SimplyInfo.org member Peter Melzer takes a look at the systemic failures at TEPCO and how cognitive processes impact what has transpired inside the company from the initial disaster to the current dysfunction.
Read the entire paper on Peter’s blog here:
http://brainmindinst.blogspot.com/2014/03/tepco-2011-2014-systemic-failure.html
image credit | http://yourbrainhealth.com.au/
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